The outdoor goods market leaves us with a multitude of backpacks to choose from, but all of the choices can result in confusion and frustration. Luckily, we’ve rounded up the features to look for when shopping for a new backpack for your days in the hills on snowshoes or skis.
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To start, let’s look at finding the right fit. After all, obtaining a comfortable fit is a universal concern with backpacks across seasons. Before perusing options at online or brick–and–mortar (always the preferred option) retailers, it is important to take note of two characteristics of your body.
First, accurately measure your torso length. Second, try and arrive at a sense of the depth of your thoracic and lumbar curves relative to others. In a minority of people, the curves are more exaggerated and begin to approach a lowercase s when seen in profile. In another minority, the curves are minimal and begin to approximate a lowercase l when seen in profile.
Review Torso Length Options Available
Thus, while perusing backpack options, look to see if multiple torso length options are available for particular models, and if not, whether your torso length falls within the range of the “one size” option. Some backpacks offer an option to adjust torso fit. The most basic option for doing so is the inclusion of a length adjustment at the top of each shoulder strap.
If you possess a relatively deep lumbar curve, you are likely to obtain a better fit from a pack with a back that gently slopes away at the bottom to snug into your lumbar curve when worn. The inclusion of lumbar support in the form of a pad at the bottom and back of the pack also tends to be a useful feature for individuals with a deep lumbar curve (see Fig. 2 below).
A note on sex-specific pack designs: if you are a female with a particularly long torso or a male with a particularly short torso or deep lumbar curve, you may find packs designed for the other sex to provide better fits in those areas.
Whether you choose a backpack that offers waist and hipbelts as a feature, can be very much a matter of personal preference. Some belts are simple webbing and more properly waistbelts than hipbelts. Hipbelts are more or less padded and vary in stiffness. Some offer pockets and attachment points for pouches or holsters or gear loops. A few are articulated (i.e., move independently of the rest of the pack to some degree).
Be aware that hip belts are sex-specific and do not tend to work well for the opposite sex. However, you can sometimes switch them out.
Backpack Size & Structure
Daypacks for winter backcountry use require sufficient capacity for many cold weather-related survival items. So, it’s essential to approximate the size you’ll need for an overnight pack. For an overnight, a 30 L pack, such as the Osprey Kamber 32 Snow Pack is an excellent choice. Also, backpacks of this size typically incorporate some type of feature used as a structuring element to ease load-bearing, such as the following four structuring element types.
External frames such as those utilized on military Alice packs strike some as deprecated, and many do not care for how they balance their contents relative to the wearer’s body weight. Regardless, they do an excellent job of bearing large loads. Unfortunately, they rarely incorporate the attachment points (discussed below) required of an adequate winter pack.
Some packs incorporate a removable ground pad in a pocket adjacent to the pack’s back as a structuring agent. This type of structuring is most commonly seen with ultralight packs. Randy Rackliff’s Cold Cold World Backpacks are an example of non-ultralight packs putting it to use.
Some packs incorporate a high-density polyethylene framesheet in a pocket adjacent to the pack’s back to impart structure. This pocket may be sewn shut, or the sheet may be removable, as will be the case if it is used in conjunction with a bendable stay, an element discussed below.
One or two graphite or aluminum stays may be included in a pack’s design as structuring agents. The option to shape aluminum stays makes those packs incorporating them appealing options for individuals with exaggerated or reduced thoracic and lumbar curves.
While attachment points are optional for three-season backpacks, they are a required feature for snowshoers and backcountry skiers. Attachment points allow backcountry trekkers, like snowshoers, to store their gear when not using it.
For example, crampons are a must when trekking into uplands and steep, slippery terrain. Upland trekkers may also find the need to carry an ice ax and will require a pack with loops for stowing it.
Here are a few types of common attachments that allow you to attach additional gear to your pack:
- Daisy chains: loops sewn onto the backpack (can be used to attach pockets to store crampons or ski skins)
- Shock cord: cord laced in a loop or crisscrossed on the front of the backpack
- Crampon patch: used to strap your crampons to your pack
- Lash tabs: diamond-shaped patches sewn to the pack and of which you can lace webbing straps
Storing Snowshoes On Your Pack
For snowshoes with a width of 8 to 9 inches (20-23 cm), you can stow them via side or front compression straps (see Figs. 4 & 5 below).
Another option for shorter snowshoes is to choose a pack that incorporates a front flap known as a ‘beavertail.’ Beavertails tend to be sewn into the pack along the bottom seam, but those do not accommodate longer models of snowshoes. Beavertails can also be used to make a jacket or other outer layer quickly accessible. A segment of shock cord looped through common loops or crisscrossed through paired daisy chains can serve the same purpose.
Organizational Backpack Features
While backpacks can become busy with organizational features, a few basics should be expected.
A zippered pocket on the lid of top loaders or the front of clamshells provides easy access to a map, compass, snacks, and snivel gear (see Fig. 6 below).
Furthermore, a hydration pocket and hang-tab should be present if you plan to make use of a reservoir to carry water. Water bottles can be packed inside the main compartment of a pack, but you may find side (or “wand”) pockets an attractive option for quick access to insulated bottles and possibly a stove.
Overall, when choosing a backpack for winter hiking, snowshoeing, or other backcountry adventures, it’s essential to consider the features. After finding the right fit, you’ll want to consider the size of the pack, depending on the length of your journey. Also, consider the attachment points for storing your winter gear as well as the organizational features to make your equipment easily accessible.
What recommendations do you have for choosing a pack? What are your favorite backpacks for snowshoeing and winter backcountry adventures?
Updated April 2020 to include additional links & formatting changes