By building a high level of endurance, you’ll be able to go stronger and longer on your snowshoes and while hiking in winter. Pack your thermos or water bottle and some food and be on your way, right? Well, there’s a little more to it than that.
Steven Gaskill, Ph.D., a professor at the University of Montana, shares his invaluable advice. Below learn some tips for building and maintaining endurance and strategies for the snowshoe season and off-season.
Tips For Building & Maintaining Endurance
No matter your starting point, the three points below are ongoing considerations to keep in mind when building endurance for snowshoeing and hiking.
See The Doc First
Going to the doctor is a good health practice, and you might catch something early. For example, a simple thing like low hemoglobin could wipe you out. Ditto the existence of low or high blood sugar or carrying 20 extra pounds. Also, take into account knee issues, deformed feet, or ankle concerns. Depending on the doctor’s recommendation, you may need to alter your snowshoeing activities and training methods to make it work for you.
Set SMART Goals
There is something about keeping an exercise or activity log that inspires a person to stay with the program. Identify what it is you love about snowshoeing. “The silence of the winter outdoors? The beauty of sun reflecting off fresh snow?” asks Dr. Gaskill. Maybe your inspiration is the places you can get to on those snowshoes or just winter fitness. Perhaps you’ve got a season of competition coming up.
Wherever you are on the fitness scale for your sport, keep your goals SMART or specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-based. Below are some suggestions for setting your goals, whatever your present level of conditioning. And remember, recommendations are just that, recommendations, not rules. If you can only manage to supplement resistance work or an off-trail endurance session once a week, do that.
- Specific – Choose a specific activity as a cross-training option that’s at your current fitness level. Add that activity to your routine once weekly, like a half-hour fast walk. When you feel ready to advance, add Nordic poles and some varied terrain to up your endurance.
- Measurable – Are you new to snowshoeing? When you can’t be out on the trail, try a measured distance, like ten blocks, and alternate walking and easy jogging.
- Achievable – Gaskill’s resistance and endurance recommendations are for goals you can strive for now. If your fitness level is not great at this point, start with one resistance workout a week at the gym or a park. You will still benefit from this work even if you can’t manage the resistance more than once weekly.
- Relevant – Face it. If you live in the flatlands and don’t get to the mountains except on your snowshoes, you’ll need to choose cross-training activities you can do where you live. An elliptical cross-trainer at your gym or in your basement can give you a quality workout, especially if you set a little incline or a program that alternates pace.
- Time-Based – Whatever your present fitness level, there are only so many hours in a day, days in a week, etc. Be realistic and set workout goals that will fit that time. Two half-hour workouts, whatever type you choose, may work better for you than trying to find a whole hour. Work with the time you have.
Cross Train To Build Endurance
Motivation is a powerful factor when working toward a goal. However, we all know it is not as simple as waking up one day and saying you will snowshoe five miles into the wilderness. It takes work to get there.
Cross-training between sports and other types of workouts, which should be part of your SMART goals, can help you avoid boredom as well as injury. You need both resistance (muscles) and endurance (cardio) in cross-training, and Gaskill has specific advice on both listed below.
Maintain Fitness During The Season
If you only get out snowshoeing on weekends, keep the following in mind. Snowshoeing is similar to hiking, only with heavier boots and a slightly wider stance. Gaskill recommends walking or hiking with poles mid-week, if possible, to supplement your snowshoeing outings and help you build endurance.
To maintain general fitness when recreational snowshoeing, the following is a recommended workout. When you’re in the gym, add some lat pulldowns and triceps extensions for arm endurance 2-3 times per week, 2-3 sets of high repetitions (12- 20 reps, working to fatigue). These two exercises will target your poling muscles specifically. Alternatively, stair climbing, uphill hiking, elliptical machines, and jogging are great for the legs.
If you’re looking for higher achievement or competition, you can alter the routine above with the additional winter resistance and endurance training below:
Winter/Spring Resistance Training
Resistance training in the winter can include the gym once or twice a week with high reps (20-30 to failure), focusing on exercises to boost the upper and lower body. Twice a week is ideal for the highly conditioned individual, and once weekly, if still building your fitness levels.
Winter/Spring Endurance Training
Winter training helps maintain your strength and endurance. Since winter is the high season, don’t overdo your activities off-trail. Gaskill suggests 1-2 slow long-distance workouts each week, which can be on your snowshoes, and 1-2 speed training intervals as needed. If you are competing, be sure to get adequate rest and nutrition. Again, once a week for any of the above activities is okay. Twice is for the highly conditioned individual.
Off-Season Training For Building Endurance
As with winter training, training depends on your snowshoe goals and your general level of fitness. If you aim at higher achievement or competition, cross-training on hikes with poles on hills to work the arms and legs in the off-season is a helpful strategy to build endurance. You can increase both distance and terrain slowly to the level you want to hit in the season.
A terrific prep workout for competitors is to run hilly terrain with the poles instead of walking. See the following suggestions for summer and fall resistance and endurance training. Spring training would be similar to the winter training listed above, depending on the weather conditions.
Summer Resistance Training
Work up to training three times a week and with three sets in a circuit format. Start with light weights, gradually increasing to only 8-12 reps until you can’t continue, up to 10 weeks. Some possible exercises could include squats, triceps extensions, lat pulldowns, some leg adduction, and abduction. Balance this training by adding bicep curls, overhead press, and hip and knee flexion. If you’re unable to go to the gym, you can do many of these exercises at home with weights or household items.
Summer Endurance Training
Endurance training should be slow and easy, concentrating on the heavier summer resistance work (mentioned above) to build strength. Moderate distance hiking or running with poles 2-3 times per week continues, including one longer workout. Your longer workout should be longer than your usual outing to build endurance for hiking, but do not work to exhaustion.
Keep it slow and easy. Include some fartlek training (alternating fast and slow segments in the same workout) once a week if you feel up to it. Remember, the whole point of this summer work is to maintain endurance and strength, so you start the snowshoeing and winter hiking season in good shape.
Read More: Nordic Walking For Warm Weather Training
Fall Resistance Training
Resistance training in the fall utilizes similar exercises as summer resistance training. You’ll want to do 2-3 sets, 2-3 times weekly, but reduce resistance (weight) and increase reps to 12-20, focusing on higher speed. Don’t neglect your core! Yoga, Pilates, or other core-focused exercises will make a big difference in your condition as you approach winter.
Fall Endurance Training
Fall endurance training should feature increased intensity during hiking or running with poles for your 2-3 weekly workouts and increasing intervals or fartlek durations. Plan on one long-distance but slower pace workout each week.
Remember To Stay Nourished
While completing any endurance activities, remember to stay hydrated and bring food along on your outings. Add a thermos of hot soup or coffee, maybe some hot cocoa for a quick pickup along the trail. Enjoy!
1. American College of Sports Medicine
2. Steven Gaskill, Ph.D. – Steven.Gakill@mso.umt.edu, 406-214-6698
What are your favorite activities and exercises to maintain fitness and build endurance for hiking and snowshoeing? Let us know in the comments below!
This article was originally published on Oct 24, 2019, and most recently updated on March 25, 2021.